The Dead Sea : israel & jordan
"The Sea of Death" Hebrew: יָם הַמָּוֶת, Yam ha-Mavet, is a salt lake bordered by Jordan to the east and Israel and Palestine to the west.
Its surface is 429 meters (1,407 ft) below sea level, makingn it the Earth's lowest elevation on land. At 304 m (997 ft) deep, it is also the deepest hypersaline lake in the world.
With 34.2% salinity, it is 9.6 times as salty as the ocean, and one of the world's saltiest bodies of water. This salinity makes for a harsh environment in which plants and animals cannot flourish.
The Jordan River is the only major water source flowing into the Dead Sea, although there are small perennial springs under and around it, forming pools and quicksand pits along the edges. There are no outlet streams.
It has attracted visitors from around the Mediterranean basin for thousands of years. In the Bible, it is a place of refuge for King David. It was one of the world's first health resorts (for Herod the Great), and it has been the supplier of a wide variety of products, from asphalt for Egyptian mummification to potash for fertilizers. People also use the salt and the minerals from the Dead Sea to create cosmetics and herbal sachets.
In the early part of the 20th century, the Dead Sea began to attract interest from chemists who deduced the sea was a natural deposit of potash (potassium chloride) and bromine.
Two companies, Dead Sea Works Ltd. of Israel and Arab Potash of Jordan, use extensive salt evaporation pans (visible) that have essentially diked the entire southern end of the Dead Sea for the purpose of producing potassium chloride. The ponds are separated by a central dike that runs roughly north-south along the international border.
- Geo-Historical Text : Wikipedia
- Calculations : WolframAlpha Pro
- Satellite Imagery: ESRI ArcGIS
Overlay Source Image: NASA Johnson