The big easy : new orleans
New Orleans is located in southeastern Louisiana, straddling the Mississippi River.
It is well known for its distinct French and Spanish Creole architecture, as well as its cross-cultural and multilingual heritage.
New Orleans is also famous for its cuisine, music (particularly as the birthplace of jazz), and its annual celebrations and festivals, most notably Mardi Gras, dating to French colonial times.
A Day in history : AUGUST 29 2005
New Orleans was catastrophically affected by what was called "the worst engineering disaster in the world since Chernobyl", when the Federal levee system failed during Hurricane Katrina in late August of 2005.
By the time the hurricane approached the city, most residents had evacuated. As the hurricane passed through the Gulf Coast region, the city's federal flood protection system failed, resulting in the worst civil engineering disaster in American history.
80% of the city and large tracts of neighboring parishes became flooded, and the floodwaters lingered for weeks. According to a modeling exercise conducted by the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers (USACE), two-thirds of the deaths in Greater New Orleans were due to levee and floodwall failure. All of the major studies concluded that the USACE, the designers and builders of the levee system as mandated by the Flood Control Act of 1965, is responsible. This is mainly due to a decision to use shorter steel sheet pilings in an effort to save money.
Tens of thousands of residents who had remained in the city were rescued or otherwise made their way to shelters of last resort at the Louisiana Superdome or the New Orleans Morial Convention Center.
More than 1,500 people were recorded as having died in Louisiana, most in New Orleans, and others are still unaccounted for. Before Hurricane Katrina, the city called for the first mandatory evacuation in its history, to be followed by another mandatory evacuation three years later with Hurricane Gustav.
- Geo-Historical Text: Wikipedia
- Calculations: WolframAlpha Pro
- Basemap Satellite Imagery: ESRI ArcGIS
Center Overlay Source Image: NASA Johnson