South Aral Sea : Kazakhstan : Like on Instagram

south aral SEA : Kazakhstan

The Aral Sea was an endorheic lake lying between Kazakhstan in the north and Uzbekistan in the south. The name roughly translates as "Sea of Islands", referring to over 1,100 islands that once dotted its waters.

Formerly one of the four largest lakes in the world with an area of 68,000 sq km (26,300 sq mi), the Aral Sea has been steadily shrinking since the 1960s after the rivers that fed it were diverted by Soviet irrigation projects. 

By 2007, it had declined to 10% of its original size, splitting into four lakes – the North Aral Sea, the eastern and western basins of the once far larger South Aral Sea (Shown), and one smaller lake between the North and South Aral Seas.

By 2009, the southeastern lake had disappeared and the southwestern lake had retreated to a thin strip at the western edge of the former southern sea; in subsequent years, occasional water flows have led to the southeastern lake sometimes being replenished to a small degree.

Satellite images taken by NASA in August 2014 revealed that for the first time in modern history the eastern basin of the Aral Sea had completely dried up. The eastern basin is now called the Aralkum Desert.

In an ongoing effort in Kazakhstan to save and replenish the North Aral Sea, a dam project was completed in 2005; in 2008, the water level in this lake had risen by 12 m (39 ft) compared to 2003. 

Salinity has dropped, and fish are again found in sufficient numbers for some fishing to be viable. The maximum depth of the North Aral Sea is 42 m (138 ft) (as of 2008).

The shrinking of the Aral Sea has been called "one of the planet's worst environmental disasters". The region's once-prosperous fishing industry has been essentially destroyed, bringing unemployment and economic hardship. The Aral Sea region is also heavily polluted, with consequential serious public health problems.

The historical documents of the development of the Aral Sea have added by UNESCO to its Memory of the World Register as a unique source to study this "environmental tragedy."


Source Image: NASA ISS048-E-7235 Handheld from International Space Station Focal Length: 800mm

Source Image: NASA ISS048-E-7235
Handheld from International Space Station
Focal Length: 800mm

Raw Version of Orbital Intersection ISS Overlay & Satellite Basemap

Raw Version of Orbital Intersection
ISS Overlay & Satellite Basemap

Image Timestamp: 2016-06-24 11:43:34 UTC ISS Nadir position: 45.87°N, 59.52°E (Kazakhstan) Image Geolocation: 45.93°N, 59.18°E (Kazakhstan)

Image Timestamp: 2016-06-24 11:43:34 UTC
ISS Nadir position: 45.87°N, 59.52°E (Kazakhstan)
Image Geolocation: 45.93°N, 59.18°E (Kazakhstan)

SOURCE DATA

  • Geo-Historical Text : Wikipedia
  • Calculations : WolframAlpha Pro
  • Satellite Imagery: ESRI ArcGIS
  • Overlay Source Image: NASA Johnson