Nimrod's Volcano : Turkey
Nemrut is a dormant volcano in Eastern Turkey, located near the western shore of Lake Van.
Locals link the name of the volcano with the legendary ruler King Nimrod, who is credited with the construction of the Tower of Babel.
Turkish chronicles of the 16th century reproduce a local legend as follows:
Native believe that Nemruz used to spend the winters around and the summers on this mountain. For this purpose, he had a castle and a palace built on the summit. He used to live and spend lots of time there. He fell victim to God's wrath. Consequently, the god let this mountain, the height of which was not less than 2000 zira collapse and sink 1500 zira. This sinking created a lake of 5000 zira wide.
The most powerful eruptions of Nemrut occurred in the Pleistocene. Many small eruptions occurred during the Holocene, the last one in 1692. The top of the volcano is a large caldera that hosts three crater lakes.
Lake Van is the largest lake in Turkey. It is a saline soda lake, receiving water from numerous small streams that descend from the surrounding mountains.
It is also one of the world's largest endorheic lakes (having no outlet). The original outlet from the basin was blocked by an ancient volcanic eruption. Although Lake Van is situated at an altitude of 1,640 m (5,380 ft) in a region with harsh winters, its high salinity prevents most of it from freezing, and even the shallow northern section is only occasionally an exception.
The city of Tatvan lies on its western shore (center-right), opposite from Van 100 km away by ferry (routes visible).
The inset photograph was taken using an 1150mm lens from the Cupola of International Space Station.
This is the 4th post in a series featuring photographs taken on a single pass over the Middle East one year ago this week* from the ISS (August 6th, 2015 *Date of original post).
- Geo-Historical Text : Wikipedia
- Calculations : WolframAlpha Pro
- Satellite Imagery: ESRI ArcGIS
Overlay Source Image: NASA Johnson