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Cairo : Egypt

Cairo is the capital and largest city of Egypt. It's metropolitan area (Center : Spanning Nile River) is the largest in the Middle East and the Arab world, and 15th-largest in the world, and is associated with ancient Egypt, as the famous Giza pyramid complex (Bottom Left : Center) and the ancient city of Memphis are located in its geographical area.

Located near the Nile Delta, modern Cairo was founded in 969 CE by Jawhar al-Siqilli ("the Sicilian") of the Fatimid dynasty, but the land composing the present-day city was the site of ancient national capitals whose remnants remain visible in parts of Old Cairo. Cairo has long been a center of the region's political and cultural life, and is nicknamed "the city of a thousand minarets" for its preponderance of Islamic architecture.

a Day in History : January 25 2011

The Egyptian revolution of 2011 began on this day in history and took place across all of Egypt. 

The date was set by various youth groups to coincide with the annual Egyptian "police day" as a statement against increasing police brutality during last years of Mubarak presidency. It consisted of demonstrations, marches, occupations of plazas, non-violent civil resistance, acts of civil disobedience and strikes.

Millions of protesters from a range of socio-economic and religious backgrounds demanded the overthrow of Egyptian President Hosni Mubarak.

Most causes of the 2011 Egyptian revolution against Mubarak also existed in 1952, when the Free Officers ousted King Farouk.

A new cause of the Arab Spring is the increase in population, which increased unemployment. The first sign along the road to Mubarak was the 1967 war between Egypt and Israel. Gamal Abdel Nasser's defeat brought Anwar Sadat to power after Nasser's death in 1970. Sadat undid Nasser's social reforms and dependence on the Soviet Union, predicting its collapse nearly two decades before it occurred.

Sadat neglected the modernization of Egypt, and his cronyism cost the country infrastructure industries which could generate new jobs. He was succeeded by Hosni Mubarak after Sadat's 1981 death. 

With no academic or governmental experience, Mubarak implemented emergency rule throughout his 30 years in office, not appointing a vice president until he was pressured to resign. Communications media such as the internet, cell phones and satellite TV channels augmented mosques and Friday prayers, traditional means of mass communications. 

Seventeen days later, 0n February 11th ("Friday of Departure"), large protests continued in many cities, as Egyptians refused to accept Mubarak's concessions.

At 6:00 pm Suleiman announced Mubarak's resignation, entrusting the Supreme Council of Egyptian Armed Forces with the leadership of the country. Nationwide celebrations immediately followed.


Source Image: NASA ISS030-E-211208 Handheld from International Space Station Focal Length: 180mm

Source Image: NASA ISS030-E-211208
Handheld from International Space Station
Focal Length: 180mm

Raw Version of Orbital Intersection ISS Overlay & Satellite Basemap

Raw Version of Orbital Intersection
ISS Overlay & Satellite Basemap

Image Timestamp: 2012-03-14 12:16:31 UTC ISS Nadir position: 30.46°N, 33.81°E (Sinai Pen. Egypt) Image Geolocation: 30.04°N, 31.24°E (Cairo, Egypt)

Image Timestamp: 2012-03-14 12:16:31 UTC
ISS Nadir position: 30.46°N, 33.81°E (Sinai Pen. Egypt)
Image Geolocation: 30.04°N, 31.24°E (Cairo, Egypt)

SOURCE DATA

  • Geo-Historical Text : Wikipedia
  • Calculations : WolframAlpha Pro
  • Satellite Imagery: ESRI ArcGIS
  • Overlay Source Image: NASA Johnson