Botany Bay : Sydney Australia
Botany Bay has its source in the confluence of the Georges River (Left) at Taren Point and the Cooks River (Top Center) at Kyeemagh and flows 10 km to the east before meeting its mouth, the Tasman Sea (Bottom Right) midpoint between La Perouse and Kurnell. Sydney and Sydney Harbour are to the North.
On April 29th 1770, Botany Bay was the site of James Cook's first landing of HMS Endeavour on the land mass of Australia, after his extensive navigation of New Zealand.
a Day in History : January 18 1788
Later the British planned Botany Bay as the site for a penal colony, which landed its first transport ship on this day in history (January 18th 1788).
The First Fleet is the name given to the 11 ships that left England on May 13th 1787 to found the penal colony that became the first European settlement in Australia.
The Fleet consisted of two Royal Navy vessels, three store ships and six convict transports, carrying between 1,000 and 1,500 convicts, marines, seamen, civil officers and free people, and a vast quantity of stores.
From England, the Fleet sailed southwest to Rio de Janeiro, then east to Cape Town and via the Great Southern Ocean to Botany Bay (Center), arriving January 18-20 1788, taking 250 to 252 days from departure to final arrival.
A total of 1,420 people have been identified as embarking on the First Fleet in 1787, and 1,373 are believed to have landed at Botany Bay.
The majority were British, but there were also African, American and French convicts on board. The convicts had committed a variety of crimes, including theft, perjury, fraud, assault and robbery, for which they had been sentenced to penal transportation for 7 years, 14 years or for the term of their natural life.
Out of these plans came the first European habitation of Australia at Sydney Cove. Although the penal settlement was almost immediately shifted to Sydney Cove, for some time in Britain transportation to "Botany Bay" was a metonym for transportation to any of the Australian penal settlements.
- Geo-Historical Text : Wikipedia
- Calculations : WolframAlpha Pro
- Satellite Imagery: ESRI ArcGIS
Overlay Source Image: NASA Johnson