AFQA : YAMMOUNE : LEBANON

Afqa : Yammoune : Lebanon

Known in ancient times as Apheca or Afeka, Afqa is located in the mountains of Lebanon, about 20 kilometres from the ancient city of Byblos. It is the site of one of the finest waterfalls in the mountains of the Middle East, which feeds into the Adonis River and forms Lake Yammoune, with which it is also associated by legend.

The village of Yammoune (center-right) in the Baalbek District of Lebanon has only a few hundred inhabitants. In Phoenician Mythology, the goddess Astarte turned herself into a golden fish in Yammoune lake to escape from the vengeance of Adonis's wrathful brother Typhon.

There are the ruins of a Phoenico-Greco-Roman temple in the village that are included in a grouping of Temples of the Beqaa Valley. It is said to be dedicated to Astarte or Venus.

The temple is situated on a hill, approximately 300 meters from the main spring in the area, the Naba al-Arbain. It lies next to the lake where it is considered ancient worshippers took pilgrimage from the temple at Afqa to purify themselves in the temple waters.

The village also lies on the Yammoune Fault line, a geological fault responsible for several historical earthquakes in the area and is part of the Dead Sea Rift.

The Dead Sea Rift is a series of faults that run from the Maras Triple Junction to the northern end of the Red Sea Rift (Southern tip of the Sinai Peninsula). The fault system forms the transform boundary between the African Plate to the west and the Arabian Plate to the east.


The inset photograph was taken using an 1150mm lens from the Cupola of International Space Station.

This is the 2nd post in a series featuring photographs taken on a single pass over the Middle East one year ago this week* from the ISS (August 6th, 2015 *Date of original post).

Image Timestamp: 2015-08-06 15:39:28 UTC ISS Nadir position: 34.62°N, 37.06°E (Syria) Image Geolocation: 34.153°N, 35.989°E (Lebanon)

Image Timestamp: 2015-08-06 15:39:28 UTC
ISS Nadir position: 34.62°N, 37.06°E (Syria)
Image Geolocation: 34.153°N, 35.989°E (Lebanon)

Source Image : ISS044-E-36650 Focal Length: 1150mm

Source Image : ISS044-E-36650
Focal Length: 1150mm

SOURCE DATA

  • Geo-Historical Text : Wikipedia
  • Calculations : WolframAlpha Pro
  • Satellite Imagery: ESRI ArcGIS
  • Overlay Source Image: NASA Johnson